Monday, May 25, 2020
One of the craftiest orations in the history of American politics was the Whiskey Speech, delivered in April 1952 by a young Mississippi legislator named Noah S. Soggy Sweat, Jr. The House had been debating whether to finally pop the cork on Prohibition when Sweat (later a circuit court judge and a college professor) decided to demonstrate his prowess for talking out of both sides of his mouth. The occasion was a banquet at the old King Edward Hotel in Jackson. My friends, I had not intended to discuss this controversial subject at this particular time. However, I want you to know that I do not shun controversy. On the contrary, I will take a stand on any issue at any time, regardless of how fraught with controversy it might be. You have asked me how I feel about whiskey. All right, here is how I feel about whiskey.If when you say whiskey you mean the devils brew, the poison scourge, the bloody monster, that defiles innocence, dethrones reason, destroys the home, creates misery and poverty, yea, literally takes the bread from the mouths of little children; if you mean the evil drink that topples the Christian man and woman from the pinnacle of righteous, gracious living into the bottomless pit of degradation and despair and shame and helplessness and hopelessness, then certainly I am against it.But if when you say whiskey you mean the oil of conversation, the philosophic wine, the ale that is consumed when good fellows get together, that pu ts a song in their hearts and laughter on their lips, and the warm glow of contentment in their eyes; if you mean Christmas cheer; if you mean the stimulating drink that puts the spring in the old gentlemans step on a frosty, crispy morning; if you mean the drink which enables a man to magnify his joy, and his happiness, and to forget, if only for a little while, lifes great tragedies, and heartaches, and sorrows; if you mean that drink, the sale of which pours into our treasuries untold millions of dollars, which are used to provide tender care for our little crippled children, our blind, our deaf, our dumb, our pitiful aged and infirm, to build highways and hospitals and schools, then certainly I am for it.This is my stand. I will not retreat from it. I will not compromise. Though were tempted to call Sweats speech a lampoon, that words etymology (from the French lampons, let us drink) may betray a certain bias. In any event, the speech stands as a parody of political doublespeak and an artful exercise in employing audience-flattering connotations. The classical figure underlying the speech is distinctio: making explicit references to various meanings of a word. (Bill Clinton used the same device when he told a Grand Jury, It depends on what the meaning of the word is is.) But whereas the customary aim of distinctio is to remove ambiguities, Sweats intention was to exploit them. His initial characterization of whiskey, addressed to the teetotalers in the crowd, employs a series of dysphemisms--disagreeable and offensive impressions of the demon drink. In the next paragraph he shifts his appeal to the wets in his audience through a far more agreeable list of euphemisms. Thus he takes a firm stand--on both sides of the issue. In these days of duplicity in the land of spin, we lift our hearts and our glasses to the memory of Judge Soggy Sweat. Sources Orley Hood, On June 3, Soggys Speech Will Come to Life, The Clarion-Ledger (May 25, 2003)M. Hughes, Ã¢â¬Å"Judge Sweat and Ã¢â¬ËThe Original Whiskey Speech,Ã¢â¬â¢ The Jurist (Vol. I, No. 2, Spring 1986)If by Whiskey, The Clarion Ledger (February 24, 1996)
Friday, May 15, 2020
For Leibniz, both his development of calculus and his faith intersected within the law of non-contradiction along with identity and substance (Blumenfeld 1987). For the law A=A, every single predicate that can be said of one A must be held for the second A . It is a proposition that is either true or false, and a cornerstone notion for Kant in relation to god and morality. Also, known as the Law of non-contradiction. Concerning the Law of Identity, Leibniz reasoned that it could only be satisfied as a law in the abstract. Or, what could be said in the realm of metaphysics, or a different ontology. He concludes that because nothing in our sensory experience satisfies that law. If nothing in our sensory world does not satisfy this law, it follows that this law is not of this world or has a different ontology. Therefore his math intersects with his view of god as sharing in being metaphysical . Concerning the relationship between logical necessity or essential relation, agai nst contingency, and its relationship to God, Leibniz articulates this in the following passage taken from the Theodicy : These essences and these truths emanate from the same necessity of nature as the knowledge of God ... God saw from all eternity and in all necessity the essential relations of numbers, and the identity of the subject and predicate in the propositions that contain the essence of each thing (Leibniz 1996, 129). And, regarding the soul he writes: InShow MoreRelatedKant s Philosophy On Moral Philosophy1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmoral philosophy comes from the idea that morality is derived from rationality- rational thought leads us to an objective morality. Kant is looking to pure reason as a guide to find universally binding moral laws. 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KingÃ¢â¬â¢s own daughter couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t go to an amusementRead MoreHegels Contradiction in Human History Essay1243 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmotivations, the standards, and the roots to modern political systems. Their roots are the philosophies developed by famous philosophers throughout the time. However, as each ideology is developed, its own contradiction also grows, takes place in the realm of actions. This, in turn, shows contradiction as human nature. Everything changes over time, and there is no moment when things stop changing to a different state, or a completely different thing. Heraclitus, a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, statesRead MoreCritically discuss the notion of labour as a Ã¢â¬Å"fictitious commodityÃ¢â¬ . Provide examples where necessary.818 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmoney is highly problematic and irrational The premise that a market economy needs commodification of all elements of industry implies that every element of industry is regarded as having been produced for sale on the market and is thus subject to the laws of demand and supply (Polanyi 2001, 75). Polanyi nonetheless highlights that while labour, land, and money are essential to the market economy; the fact is that they are not commodities, in the sense that they are not objects produced for saleRead MoreReflection Paper for Philosophy of Religion: The continous conflict between Religious Pluralism and Exclusivism1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswith God. God is beyond existence and non-existence. This leads us to the more theistic approach on the variety of human belief. First is the idea of pluralism which is spearheaded by John Hick. Hicks theory holds that all religions are expressions of the same ultimate reality. However, how is it possible for all religions to be true images of the same ultimate reality? They cant all be correct because this would be a violation of the law of non-contradiction (the thesis that something cannot possessRead MoreAristotle, The Man Of Thinking1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof philosophy that deals with what really exists. Aristotle did work in this field of philosophy. He developed the philosophy of non-contradiction and the law of excluded middle. The law of non-contradiction in logic states that there is no assertion that can be but true and false. If something were true but at the same time false, it would be a definite contradiction. This would not make sense logically. The lawn of excluded middle exclaims that either an assertion is true or that the negation ofRead MoreMarxist And Conflict Theories Of Deviance Essay1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbehaviors, not on individual behaviors or experiences. 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But todayÃ¢â¬â¢s children are pressured to obtain their success, by theirRead MoreThe And Public Image Of A Woman Speaking1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesother than Ã¢â¬Å"as the Law saysÃ¢â¬ is not a significant issue. The real issue is what is Ã ½ÃÅ'Ã ¼Ã ¿Ãâ referring to in context. It does not appear to be referring to anything in the Mosaic Law, specifically. The only Old Testament passage that it could be referring to is Gen 3:16. The reference has been suggested as belonging to the rules for the regulating of the Synagogue. This has become a matter of great mystery. It does not fit with PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s concepts of being freed from the Mosaic Law. Others have commentedRead MoreTheories Of Marxist Theory And Conflict Theory1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 Page sexplains law and criminal justice but does not oversee multi-groups conflict of society (Akers 2017). Marxist theory is a sociological model which is based on conflict of classes (Akers 2017). Marx viewed the industrial society or capitalist society from a macro point of view. Marxism is also a conflict theory, believing that the structure of society contains contradictions (Akers 2017). It underlines the exploitation of the lower class from higher class society and these contradictions lead to conflicts
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ECONOMY Intellectual Property Rights and the Online Gaming Business in China May 25, 2015 The New York Times Economic Scene Editor Anna Wu Abstract Online gaming as one of the largest and fastest growing Internet business in the world, are developing in the peak period in China (Kshetri, N. 2009). According to China Gaming Market 2014-2018 Forecast and Analysis (IDC) China, In 2013, RMB83.17 billion in revenues were generated by China s gaming market, including online PC games, single player PC games, and mobile games. It claims that an annual growth rate of 23.5% in this period of the revenue of China s gaming market can be expected. However, the intellectual property rights especially the copyright presents online gaming business aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦According to the speech by Thomas Yih (2010), the assistant president and general counsel, Shanda Games Limited, the developing scale of online gaming in China could be described by numbers, including the number of the broadband users exceeded the entire population of America and the complex annual growth rate of China s internet users was 36 percent from 2005 to 2009. By the end of this period, the number of online game players in China reached 296 million, occupying more than two thirds of the total internet user in the nation. Not only Shanda Games Limited noticed the big opportunity, but also many commercial subjects has been attracted by its predictable business outlook. Therefore, severe conflicts related to copyright infringement between different companies during the competition convey the significance of protecting copyright in China. Legend of Mir II is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) which originally produced by Actoz Soft Co. Ltd. in Korea was published by Shanda Games Limited and was commercially launched in November, 2001. The number of the occurrent players for Legend of Mir II exceeded six million in October of 2002, became the most welcomed online game in 2002 and 2003 in China (Jiang, 2008). This MMORPG as an honor leader of Shanda Interactive Entertainment Ltd, generates stunning monthly profits accounting for RMB1.4 billion yuan. However, since the end of year 2011 Shanda Games Limited found a
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Essay Example: Baroque Art During the Baroque period, new ideas and views of society and of religion spurred up. To express these new ideas many artists used the ideas of past artists to further expand their own motives. If I have seen further than you and Descartes, it is by standing upon the shoulders of Giants. Sir Isaac Newton, 1676 The artists of the baroque period were using past ideals as a ladder to the prevalent and the gallant. Four pieces of art that exceplified the usage of the great minds of the past were; The Rape of the Sabine Women by Nicholas Poussin, The east faAÃ §ade of the Louvre Palace, The View of Delft by Jan Vermeer and The Palace of Versailles. The magnificent artwork of Nicholas Poussin shows the mixture of Roman architecture and ideas. He copied the body sculptures and the basilicas of ancient Rome and added them to his medium of oil. Poussin traveled to Roman museums for inspiration and models. In The Rape of the Sabine Women, he shows how he balanced his art by carefully arranging opposites. Since he used statues for models, the people in his painting look to be chiseled and very statuesque. Poussin also uses a background of a Roman city to further enhance his love for the classical world. He sought for permanent in the momentary and the universal in the individual. Many artists of the time turned to classical Greece and Rome for their ideas. Another prime example is the East FaAÃ §ade of the Louvre Palace in Paris, France. KING LOUIS XIV originally commissioned this piece of work to Gianlorenzo Bernini in 1665. The kings finance minister felt it left the king housed no better than before. so his plan was rejected and a French architect named Claude Perrault was appointed to finish the job. This palace had to grand enough for the sun-king, so Perrault used classical influences to achieve the proper grandness fit for a king. He used a long Corinthian colonnade, friezes, and pilasters. This acted as a restraining influence to the baroque ideas of the time. Greek and Roman art influenced many Europeans, especially the monarchs of the time. No monarch showed that better than King Louis XIV of France. His rule of Frances nobles required a large palace to be built to accommodate and preoccupy the people that could have threatened his absolute power. During his rule he added the Hall of Mirrors, four large wings, stables, and a chapel to the Versailles Palace. The palace contains hundreds of Corinthian columns and pilasters. The columns are ornately decorated with gold leaf and colorful paints. This palace is an incorporation of grandiose baroque ideas and elegant classical ideas. The building is symmetrical, logical and is an application of absolute space composition. As many architects went to classical ideals, many painters revived Renaissance ideals. In the View of Delft, Jan Vermeer shows the ideas of landscape and perspective that were discovered during the Renaissance. This painting is unique because it has no single vanishing point and its pictorial space is in a horizontal sweep. The light in this painting is coming from a cloudy sky that is dispersing it unevenly throughout the town landscape. Using this light method, the citys buildings are colored by different shades of the sunlight. Vermeer added his own inventive subjects as well as past ideas to his paintings. The Baroque period illustrated the respect and the love for classical art forms as well as other past forms. It was a melting pot of classical and baroque ideas that further expanded the arts and ideas of the world. Using past ideas along with current original ideas can make a new art form. The Baroque period was the epitome of this ideal and showed it very well with its excellent architecture, paintings, and sculptures.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Benjamin Franklins Success Model Life and Times in the Autobiography essays Philosopher, scientist, and framer of the US Constitution: these are just few of the occupations Benjamin Franklin had been involved with throughout his life. In his memoir entitled, "Autobiography," Franklin talks about his life successfully assuming positions and occupations that had benefited American society. Interspersed with the narrative accounts of his life, the great proponent of the Enlightenment period also infused insightful thoughts about his philosophy of life and his optimistic view of humanity's goodness and potential to achieve perfection. One of the interesting points of "Autobiography" is his proposed model for success in life, wherein he enumerated thirteen (13) virtues in the life of man, which shall be his guide in his pursuit for perfection and satisfaction in life. This paper provides a detailed discussion and analysis of Franklin's life, applying in the discussion how his own model of success in life reflects his life. Franklin's success model is made up of four (4) virtues which bring into light the characteristics that made him successful and contented in life: resolution, industry, justice, and The first element that makes up Franklin's success model is resolution, describing this virtue as follows: "Resolve to perform what you ought. Perform without fail what you resolve." As a young man, Franklin is already seen as a resolute individual, who have a definite plan of action in achieving his goals in life. At a young age, he had already recognized the value of planning ahead, of formulating goals and dreams and systematically achieves them. In "Autobiography," he was able to go through all the hardships and difficulties in his work as a printer in Philadelphia, that, despite the conflicts that he had with his former employer, he was able to remain optimistic about his future and plan ahead despite his limited financial resources. ...
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
William Wordsworth, the Wandering Poet. Through the many works of William Wordsworth is found a vast correlation in his poetry and the experiences which he went through as an early child and throughout the rest of his life. These experiences carved themselves into Wordsworth's mind giving him a favorable ability to put his experiences and emotions into words through his good-natured poetry. To greater understand the poetry he wrote, it is crucial to have a knowledge of the life he lived.William Wordsworth was born the second child of John and Ann Wordsworth in Cockermouth, Cumberland, on April 7, 1770. Wordsworth was living up a decently good childhood in Cockermouth until 1778, where in March of that year his mother Ann died and the family was split up. Wordsworth's sister Dorothy was sent to live at Halifax with her mother's cousin, and the boys of the family were sent to school at Hawkshead where they were educated well and cared for.English: Portrait of William Wordsworth by William...It was young William's headmaster at Hawkshead who first encouraged him to read and write poetry. Wordsworth also happened to later write a poem about this early time in his life called "The Prelude." In this poem Wordsworth directly conveys the childish activities which he experienced which seemed quite normal, but would later develop him into a great poet.Four years had passed since his mother died and then, on December 30th, 1983 after celebrating the Christmas holidays, his father passed away at Wordsworth's young age of thirteen. After this occurrence their house was given up and the boys were made to live with their maternal grandparents the Cooksons, and their uncle, Christopher Crackanthoope Cookson. At this time in Wordsworth's life he underwent a significant change experienced dependency through patronization and also underwent a rebellious state from having to live with people who weren't...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Rights Of Workers - Essay Example Gonos, in his article entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Never a Fee!Ã¢â¬ explained the historical experience of the effects and consequences of the staffing industry to the real welfare of workers, stating that the few laws existing and the deregulation of the staffing business has further undermined the Ã¢â¬Å"workersÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to gain self-sufficiencyÃ¢â¬ (Gonos, 2000-01). A further analysis of secret fees charged should therefore be made in order that appropriate policy changes for the protection of workers. The union organizing policy presented in the article entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Never a Fee!Ã¢â¬ written by George Gonos, which I think should be changed is their reliance on establishing a Ã¢â¬Å"national code of conductÃ¢â¬ which appeals on all the staffing agencies concerned to make available to workers the information regarding the rate which client employers pay workers (Ziegler, 1999). This policy merely encourages and urges the staffing agencies and do not really oblige or mandate that the Ã¢â¬Å"hidden feesÃ¢â¬ or rates in employment contracts be revealed. Instead of lobbying for a legislation that would truly examine and delve into the fees that are charged especially on temporary and contract workers by either the client firms or staffing industries or both, they have merely settled on having such a national code of conduct (Gonos, 2000-01). The group pushing for this code of conduct consists of groups representing contingent workers and represent other diverse interests suc h as workers in the construction business, workers belonging to labor unions, professionals belonging to the high-tech industries, graduate assistants from various universities, and some undocumented immigrants (Community Partners, 2009).Ã There is a seeming lack of follow through or inconsistency on the part of workersÃ¢â¬â¢ group to lobby and support such a legislation that would reveal the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"hidden feesÃ¢â¬ in employment contracts which has been a